grow your killer pot




Chemical Constituent Activities

When given a choice of vaporizing whole plant parts or oils of particular chemical constituents, but keep in mind that many plant chemical constituents are known to work together synergistically to acheive a higher degree of activity.


antioxidant, sedative (neuro).


olfactic (mushroomy).



7-α-Acetoxymarrubiin (alpha-acetoxymarrubiin):


humulenealpha-Humulene (α-humulene, humulene, α-caryophyllene [obsolete]), an isomer of β-caryophyllene:

antiinflammatory, antitumor, gustactic, olfactic (aromatic).

alpha-Pinene (α-pinene), boiling point = 156°C (312.8°F), one of two isomers of pinene (the other being β-Pinene):

AChE inhibitor, allelochemic, allergenic, antiacne, antibacterial, antibiotic, antifeedant, antiflu, antiinflammatory (dosage: 500 mg/kg), antipneumonic, antineoplastic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antistaphylococcic, antiviral, bronchodilator, cancer-preventive, coleoptophile, expectorant, herbicide (dosage: IC50=30 uM), insecticide (dosage: 0.82 uM/fly), insectifuge (dosage: 50 ppm), insectiphile, irritant, P450-2B1-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=0.087 uM), olfactic (aromatic), pesticide, sedative, spasmogenic, stimulant, tranquilizer, transdermal.

alpha-terpineolalpha-Terpineol (α-terpineol), boiling point = 217°C to 218°C (422.6°F to 424.4°F):

AChE inhibitor, antibiotic, antimalarial, antioxidant, sedative.




11B-HSD-inhibitor, anti-ADD, anti-HIV (dosage: IC50=143 ug/ml; dosage: IC72=200 ug/ml), antiaflatoxin (dosage: IC50=2.57 ppm; Dosage: IC50=9.52 uM), antiaggregant, antiaging, antiallergic, antiangiogenic (dosage: 4 uM), antiarrhythmic, antibacterial, anticancer (Lung), anticomplementary, antidermatitic, antiestrogenic, antiherpetic (dosage: 20-54 ug/ml), antihistaminic (dosage: IC50=10-35 uM), antiinflammatory (dosage: = indomethacin; IC~65=1,000 uM), antileukemic (dosage: 20-50 uM), antimelanomic (dosage: 1-50 uM), antimetastatic (dosage: 1-50 uM), antimutagenic (dosage: ID50=0.55 ug/ml; dosage: ID50=10-40 nM), antioxidant (dosage: 1.5 x Vit. E; IC28.5=62.5 ug/ml), antiperistaltic, antiproliferant (dosage: 1-50 uM; IC50=155 uM), antispasmodic (dosage: EC50=1-5 uM), antistress (dosage: 10 mg/kg), antithyroid, antitumor (dosage: 1-50 uM), antitumor (breast) (dosage: 1-50 uM), antitumor (lung, skin), antiviral (dosage: 20-54 ug/ml), anxiolytic (dosage: 10 mg/kg), apoptotic (dosage: 12-60 uM), aromatase-inhibitor (dosage: IC65=1 uM/l), beta-Glucuronidase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=~40 uM), CNS-depressant, COX-1-inhibitor (dosage: IC65=1,000 uM), COX-2-inhibitor (dosage: <40 uM; IC50=<15 uM; IC>65=1,000 uM), calcium-antagonist ?, cancer-preventive, choleretic, cyclooxygenase-inhibitor, cytochrome-P450-1A1-inhibitor, cytotoxic (dosage: 1-50 uM; IC50=9.5 uM; IC88=10 ug/ml), DNA-protective, deiodinase-inhibitor, differentiator (dosage: IC40=40 uM; MIC=30 uM), diuretic, estrogenic (dosage: 16% genistein; EC50=0.1-25 uM/l; EC50=1 uM), HIF-1alpha-inhibitor, hyaluronidase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50+=50-250 uM), hypotensive, ICAM-1-inhibitor, IKK-inhibitor, inotropic, interleukin-6-inhibitor, MAO-inhibitor, MAPK-inhibitor, musculotropic, mutagenic, myorelaxant, NADH-oxidase-inhibitor, NF-kB-inhibitor, NO-synthase-inhibitor (dosage: 5-50 uM), nodulation-signal, ornithine-decarboxylase-inhibitor, P21-inducer (dosage: 10-70 uM), PKC-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=10 uM), PTK-inhibitor (dosage: 10-100 uM), pesticide, polyamine-synthesis-inhibitor, progestational, protein-kinase-C-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=10-40 uM), quinone-reductase-inducer (dosage: 20 uM), radioprotective, sedative (dosage: 30-100 mg/kg), sunscreen, TNF-alpha-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=3.27 uM), topoisomerase-I-inhibitor, topoisomerase-II-inhibitor (dosage: 50 ug/ml; IC28=18 uM; IC45=180 uM), uterotrophic (dosage: EC50=0.1-25 uM/l), VEGF-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=2-7 uM), vasodilator, xanthine-oxidase-inhibitor (dosage: 0.36 uM), iNOS-Inhibitor (dosage: IC50=<15 uM).


aldose-reductase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=2.38 uM), antibacterial, antioxidant (dosage: ED50=1.8 uM).





antioxidant (dosage: ED50=7.5 uM), sedative.

Ballotinone (7-oxomarrubiin):

b-myrcenebeta-Myrcene (β-myrcene), boiling point = 166°C to 168°C (330.8°F to 334.4°F), a noncyclic monoterpene, the most abundant terpenoid produced by cannabis:

analgesic, antiinflammatory (blocks the inflammatory activity of prostaglandin E2, via a peripheral mechanism shared by CBD, CBG, and CBC), antibiotic, antimutagenic.

beta-pinenebeta-Pinene (β-pinene):

allergenic, antiinflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, candidicide, herbicide, insectifuge, irritant, perfumery, pesticide, spasmogenic, transdermal.

borneolborneol, boiling point = 210°C (410°F):



aldose-reductase-inhibitor (dosage: 4 ug/ml [weak activity]), allergenic, analgesic, anti-HIV (dosage: EC50=200 ug/ml), anti-Legionella, antiadenoviral, antiaggregant, antiaging, antiatherogenic, antibacterial, anticancer, anticarcinogenic, antidepressant, antiedemic, antielastase (dosage: IC50=86 ug/ml (475 uM); IC50=93 um/l), antiescherichic, antiflu, antigonadotropic, antihemolytic (dosage: 25 uM), antihepatoadenomic (dosage: 200 ppm diet orl mus), antihepatotoxic, antiherpetic (dosage: 50 ug/ml; EC50=>50 ug/ml), antihistaminic, antihypercholesterolemic, antihyperthyroid, antiinflammatory, antileukemic, antileukotriene, antimelanogenic, antimutagenic, antinitrosaminic, antiophidic, antioxidant (dosage: 1.3 x Vit. E; 1/2 BHA; 1/3 quercetin; 30 mM; 50 uM; IC57=30 ppm), antiperoxidant (dosage: IC35=200 ug/ml; IC50=44 uM; IC85=100 ug/ml), antiproliferant, antiprostaglandin, antiradicular (dosage: 1/3 quercetin; 10 uM; 30 mM; IC50=32-35 uM), antiseptic, antispasmodic (dosage: EC50=3.4-15 uM), antistaphylococcic, antistomatitic, antisunburn, antithiamin, antithyroid, antitumor (dosage: 200 ppm diet orl mus), antitumor (skin), antitumor-promoter (dosage: IC42=10 uM), antiulcerogenic, antivaccinia, antiviral (dosage: IC50=62.5 ug/ml), anxiolytic, CNS-active, COX-2-inhibitor (dosage: IC32=100 uM), calcium-antagonist (dosage: IC50=1.2 uM rbt), cancer-preventive, carcinogenic ? (dosage: 2% [diet]), chemopreventive, cholagogue, choleretic, clastogenic, co-carcinogenic, collagen-sparing, cytoprotective, cytotoxic (dosage: TC50=200 ug/ml), DNA-active, DNA-protective, diuretic, fungicide (dosage: MIC=0.4 mg/ml), hepatocarcinogenic (dosage: 400 ppm diet orl mus [in the absence of alcohol]), hepatoprotective, hepatotropic, histamine-inhibitor, immunostimulant, insectifuge, leukotriene-inhibitor, lipoxygenase-inhibitor (dosage: IC27=5 mM; IC50=62-148 uM), lyase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=94-164 uM), metal-chelator, ornithine-decarboxylase-inhibitor, pesticide, pro-oxidant, prostaglandigenic, sedative (dosage: 500 mg), sunscreen (dosage: IC50=2.5 mg/l; IC91=5 mg/l; IC98=25 mg/l), tumorigenic, vulnerary, xanthine-oxidase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=39.21 uM).



Carene (delta-3-carene, Δ-3-carene), boiling point = 168°C (334.4°F), bicyclic monoterpene with a sweet pungent odor:


caryophylleneCaryophyllene (beta-caryophyllene, (-)-β-caryophyllene):

aldose-reductase-inhibitor, allergenic, analgesic, antiacne, antiasthmatic, antibacterial, anticariogenic (dosage: MIC=>1,600 ug/ml), antidermatitic, anti-edemic, antifeedant (dosage: 500 ppm), antiinflammatory (dosage: IC50=100 uM), antileishmanic, antimalarial, antionychyotic, antiproliferant, antispasmodic, antistaphylococcic, antistreptococcic, antitumor, antiulcer, candidicide, cytoprotective (gastric mucosa), FLavor (dosage: FEMA 20-200), fungicide, gastroprotective, insectifuge, irritant, larvicide, mosquitocide, olfactic (aromatic), pesticide, sedative, termitifuge.


antiinflammatory (more potent than CBG or THC; blocks the inflammatory activity of prostaglandin E2, via a peripheral mechanism shared by CBD, CBG, and CBC).

CBC (cannabichromene), boiling point = 220°C (428°F), forms when CBCA is heated or exposed to UV light:

analgesic, antibiotic, antidepressant, antifungal, antiinflammatory, antimicrobial, antiproliferative (anticancer), bone-stimulant.


CBCA (cannabichromene acid):

antibacterial, antifungal, antiinflammatory.

CBDCBD (cannabidiol), boiling point = 160°C to 180°C (320°F to 356°F):

alerting, analgesic, antibacterial (MRSA), antibiotic, anticancer (breast), anticonvulsant, antidiabetic, antiemetic, antiepileptic, antiinflammatory, antiischemic, antiprokinetic (intestinal), antipsoriatic, antioxidant, antiproliferative (anticancer), antipsychotic, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, bone-stimulant, decreases sebum/sebocytes, immunosuppressive, neuroprotective, relieves neuropathic pain in patients with multiple sclerosis (in combination with D9-THC as a 1:1 mixture, i.e. Sativex), sedative (at exceptionally high doses), treatment of addiction, vasorelaxant.

At low doses, and a 1:1 ratio, CBD will smooth or mellow the "high" of THC, but will not eliminate it. At high doses, the "high" of THC is not interferred with by CBD. If taken first, CBD can block the "high" of THC. Since CBGA becomes CBDA and THCA by the enzymes CBDA synthase and THCA synthase, a strain with more CBDA synthase or less THCA synthase can result in CBD-rich progeny.

Cannabis strains with significant amounts of CBD:

Cannatonic (4 distinct phenotypes: phenotype 3 is purple and contains slightly more than 13% CBD at a 2:1 CBD:THC ratio; the other 3 phenotypes are [1] a very thin leaved super-sativa with >20% THC and almost zero CBD, [2] a light green, [3] a dark green)

Good Medicine (9.03% CBD and 8.2%THC, Blueberry Trainwreck [aka "Derailed Blues"] x Ogre [a special Sensi Star phenotype])

Harlequin (25 % Indica and 75% Sativa, leaves with plant in veg state at ~ 5 weeks tested 4.4% CBD and 2.13% THC)

Jamaican Lion (fem Mountain Lion [Rock Bud x Lion Heart] x m Jamaican Yarders [sativa]; ~ 8-9.7% CBD and 5.5-6.5% THC; strong sativa, the highest CBD content is found during week 8 of the its growth cycle, by week 9 the CBD/THC ratio is closer to 1:1)

Juanita la Lagrimosa (Juanita the Tearful, 8.8% CBD, 6.8% THC)

Maz's Cheese (THC: 6.41% CBD: 7.17% CBN: 0.49%)

Misty (~ 7% CBD, 10% THC)

Omrita Rx3 (Rx, 2x Indica cross of Romulan Joe x Fucking Incredible, 9-12% CBD and 5-7% THC)

Sour Tsunami (Albion Sour Diesel x Tsunami; 40% Indica 60% Sativa; maturity: 9 weeks; ~ 10-11% CBD and 6-7% THC)

Atomic Jam, Black Domina, Black Queen, Bubblegum Kush, Cotton Candy x Diesel, Downtown Diesel, F5 Manawell, Granny Durkel, Intensive Care OG Kush, Jamaican Skunk, Kush, Kushage, Monkey Balls, OG Afghani, Phenom Phen, Poison OG, Purple Diesel, Sugaree x Blue Diesel, SFV, SFVR-4?, Silver Dragon, Soma A+, Stinky Purple, Sweet SF x OG, TB x OGK, R-4, Wu#1.

CBDA (cannabidiol acid), most cannabis plants contain less than 2% CBDA, although some strains yield plants with more CBDA than THCA, which, after heating, equals more CBD than THC. Many people prefer these strains for their many beneficial medicinal effects without the "high" associated with higher concentrations of THC. The few plants that do produce large amounts of CBDA often contain over 10% CBDA and only ~5% THCA:

antiproliferative (anticancer, antitumor).


anticonvulsant, bone-stimulant.


CBGCBG (cannabigerol):

analgesic, antibacterial (MRSA), antibiotic, anticancer (prostate), antidepressant, antifungal, antiinflammatory, antipsoriasis, antiproliferative (anti-tumor, human epithelial cancer tumors), bone-stimulant.

CBGA (cannabigerol acid), the primary cannabinoid from which all others derive, CBGA becomes CBDA and THCA by the enzymes CBDA synthase and THCA synthase:

analgesic, antiinflammatory.

CBL (cannabicyclol), forms when CBLA is heated or exposed to UV light:

CBLA (cannabicyclol acid), forms when CBCA absorbs UV light:

CBNCBN (cannabinol), boiling point = 185°C (365°F), oxidation breakdown product, from THC:

antibacterial (MRSA), antibiotic, anticancer (breast), burns, psoriasis, psychoactive (mildly), sedative.

CBNA (cannabinol acid), a breakdown product of THCA by air oxidation:


aldose-reductase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=1.8 uM rat [strong activity]), allelochemic, allergenic, analgesic, anti-EBV, anti-HIV, anti-Legionella, antiatherosclerotic, antibacterial, anticancer [colon, fore-stomach, liver, skin]), anticarcinogenic, antidiabetic, antifeedant, antigenotoxic, antigonadotropic, antihemolytic (dosage: 10 uM), antihepatotoxic, antiherpetic, antihistaminic, antihypercholesterolemic, antihyperthyroid, antiinflammatory, antileukotriene, antimelanogenic, antimutagenic, antinitrosaminic, antioxidant (dosage: IC50=54.2 uM; IC53=200 ppm; IC80=12 uM), antiperoxidant (dosage: IC50=36 uM), antipolio, antiradicular (dosage: 10 uM; 9 x quercetin), antiseptic, antisunburn, antithyroid, antitumor, antitumor (colon, fore-stomach, liver, skin), antitumor-promoter (dosage: IC25=10 uM), antiulcer, antiviral, autotoxic, CNS-active, CNS-stimulant (dosage: 1/6 Caffeine), cancer-preventive, cardioprotective, chemopreventive, cholagogue, choleretic, clastogenic, collagen-sparing, diuretic, fungicide, hepatoprotective, histamine-inhibitor, hypoglycemic, immunostimulant, insectifuge, interferonogenic, juvabional, larvistat, leukotriene-inhibitor, lipoxygenase-inhibitor (dosage: IC23=5 mM), metal-chelator, NO-genic, ornithine-decarboxylase-inhibitor, oviposition-stimulant, pesticide, sunscreen, sweetener, vulnerary.


antialzheimeran (dosage: 5-16 g/man/day), antichoreic, anticirrhotic (dosage: 6,000 mg/man/day), anticystinuric, antidementia, antidiabetic, antidyskinetic (dosage: 150-200 mg/kg/man/day), antihomocysteine, antimanic (dosage: 15-30 g/man/day/orl), antinociceptive, antisteatotic, cardiodepressant, cerebrotonic, cholinergic, hepatoprotective, hypotensive, ileorelaxant, lipotropic, memorigenic, parasympathomimetic (dosage: (1/1,000th acetylcholine)).

alpha-copaene-minusα-Copaene (alpha-copaene, copaene):


delta-cadineneδ-Cadinene (delta-cadinene):

aldose-reductase-inhibitor, antiacne, antibacterial (dosage: MIC800 ug/ml), anticariogenic (dosage: MIC800 ug/ml), antistreptococcic, cytochrome-P450-inducer, P450-inducer, pesticide, testosterone-inducer.

delta-Limonene (δ-limonene), boiling point = 177°C (350.6°F):

antidepressant, antimutagenic, cannabinoid agonist?, immune potentiator.


8-THCD8-THC (Δ8–THC = Δ8-tetrahydrocannabinol), boiling point = 175°C to 178°C (347°F to 352°F):

effects thought to be very similar to Δ9-THC but less psychoactive and more stable, antiemetic.


Eucalyptol (1,8-cineole), boiling point = 176°C (348.8°F):

AChE inhibitor, antibiotic, antiinflammatory, antinociceptive, antiviral, increases cerebral blood flow, stimulant.



allelopathic, analgesic, antiaggregant, antiallergic, antiarrhythmic, antibacterial, anticancer (colon, forestomach, liver, skin), anticarcinogenic, antidysmenorrheic, antiestrogenic, antihepatotoxic, antiherpetic, antiinflammatory, antileukemic (dosage: IC50=25-56 ug/ml), antimitotic, antimutagenic, antineoplastic (dosage: [stomach]), antinitrosaminic, antioxidant (dosage: 1/2 BHA; 1/3 quercetin; 3,000 uM; EC50=9-15 ug/ml; IC51=200 ppm), antiradicular (dosage: EC50=9-15 ug/ml; IC50=116-124 uM), antiserotonin, antispasmodic, antithrombic, antitumor, antitumor (colon, forestomach, liver, skin), antitumor-promoter (dosage: IC46=10 uM), antiviral, arteriodilator, cancer-preventive, candidicide, cardiac, cholagogue, choleretic, fungicide, hepatoprotective, hepatotropic, herbicide, hydrocholerectic, hypolipidemic, immunostimulant, insectifuge, metal-chelator, ornithine-decarboxylase-inhibitor, pesticide, phagocytotic, preservative, prostaglandigenic, prostaglandin-synthesis-inhibitor (dosage: 0.58-3.2 mM), sunscreen, uterosedative (dosage: 30-100 mg/kg ivn rat).


aldose-reductase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=4.83 uM), antiinflammatory, antioxidant (dosage: ED50=1 uM), antisepsis, neuroprotective (dosage: >8 mg/kg produced a significant neuroprotective potential in cerebral ischemia and reperfusion rats).


ACE-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=7.7 mM/l), analgesic, anti-HIV, anti-MRSA, antiadenovirus, antiallergenic, antianaphylactic, antiangiogenic, antiasthmatic, antibacterial (dosage: MIC=1,000 ug/ml), antibronchitic, anticancer, anticarcinomic (dosage: ED50=3), antiescherichic, antifibrinolytic, antiflu, antihepatotoxic, antiherpetic (dosage: EC50=>10 ug/ml), antiinflammatory, antileishmanic (dosage: EC50=4.4 ug/ml), antimutagenic, antinitrosaminic, antioxidant (dosage: 2/3 BHA; 7 x quercetin; IC44=33 ppm), antiperiodontitic (dosage: 10 ug/ml), antiperoxidant (dosage: IC50=69 uM), antipolio, antiproteolytic (dosage: 10 ug/ml), antiradicular (dosage: 7 x quercetin; IC50=4.9 uM), antiseptic, antistaphylococcic (dosage: MIC=1,000 ug/ml), antitumor, antitumor-promoter, antiviral, apoptotic, astringent, bacteristat, bronchodilator, cancer-preventive, candidicide, carcinogenic, choleretic, cyclooxygenase-inhibitor, cytotoxic (dosage: 500 uM), floral-inhibitor, gram(+)icide (dosage: MIC=1,000 ug/ml), gram(-)icide (dosage: MIC=1,000 ug/ml), hemostat, hepatoprotective, immunomodulator, immunostimulant, immunosuppressant, insulin-sparing, myorelaxant, NO-inhibitor (dosage: IC-26=250 uM), nephrotoxic, pesticide, styptic, topoisomerase-I-inhibitor, xanthine-oxidase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=24 uM).


pesticide, pheromone.


linaloolLinalool, boiling point = 198°C (388.4°F):

acaricide (dosage: C90=<15 ul/l [=<15 ppm]), allergenic, analgesic, anesthetic (dosage: 0.01-1 ug/ml), antiacetylcholinesterase, antiallergic, antianaphylactic, antibacterial (dosage: MIC=1,600 ug/ml), anticariogenic (dosage: MIC=1,600 ug/ml), anticolic, anticonvulsant (dosage: 200 mg/kg ipr mus), antiedemic, antidepressant, antiglutamaergic, antihistaminic, antiinflammatory, antileukemic (dosage: IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml), antilymphomic (dosage: IC50=3.5-4.2 ug/ml), antimange, antimite, antimutagenic, antiseptic (dosage: 5 x phenol), antishock, antispasmodic, antiviral, anxiolytic, barbituate-synergist, bronchorelaxant, CNS-depressant, cancer-preventive, candidistat, carminative, culicide (dosage: LC50=156-194 mg/l), cytotoxic, expectorant, FLavor (dosage: FEMA 2-40), fungicide, GABA-nergic, hypnotic, hypothermic, immune potentiator, insecticide (dosage: LC50=156-194 mg/l), insectifuge, irritant, larvicide (dosage: LC50=156-194 mg/l), mosquitofuge (dosage: > Deet), motor-depressant, nematicide (dosage: MLC=1 mg/ml), perfumery, pesticide, prooxidant, sedative (dosage: 200 mg/kg ipr mus (1% as active as diazepam); ED=1-32 mg/kg), termitifuge, trichomonicide (dosage: LD100=600 ug/ml), tumor-promoter.

Marrubiin (LD50=370 mg/kg):

antiarrhythmic, antinociceptive, arrhythmigenic, bitter, cardioactive, choleretic, expectorant, secretogogue.

p-Cymene, boiling point = 177°C (350.6°F):

AChE inhibitor, antibiotic, anticandidal.



pulegonePulegone, boiling point = 224°C (435.2°F):

AChE inhibitor, antipyretic, memory booster?, sedative.




antibacterial, antihelicobacter, antiseptic, antiulcer, perfumery.




aggregant, antihiccup (dosage: 1 tsp), antiophthalmic, antioxidant, atherogenic, collyrium, demulcent, flatugenic, hypercholesterolemic, preservative, sweetener (dosage: 1 x sucrose), triglycerigenic, uricogenic, vulnerary.


antineoplastic, fungicide, pesticide.


anthelmintic, anti-HIV, antibacterial, anticancer, anticariogenic, antidiarrheic, antidysenteric, antihepatotoxic, antihypertensive, antilipolytic, antimutagenic, antinephritic, antiophidic, antioxidant (dosage: 1/3 quercetin; IC50=1.44 ug/ml), antiradicular (dosage: 1/3 quercetin; 500 mg/kg/day orl mus), antirenitic, antitumor, antitumor-promoter, antiulcer, antiviral, cancer-preventive, carcinogenic, chelator, cyclooxygenase-inhibitor, glucosyl-transferase-inhibitor, hepatoprotective, immunosuppressant, lipoxygenase-inhibitor, MAO-inhibitor, ornithine-decarboxylase-inhibitor, pesticide, psychotropic ?, xanthine-oxidase-inhibitor.

Terpineol-4-ol, boiling point = 209°C (408.2°F):

AChE inhibitor, antibiotic.


THCTHC (Δ9-THC = D-9-THC = Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)... boiling point = 157°C (315°F); the most abundant cannabinoid (usually, otherwise cannabidiol, depends on particular plant); the more abundant of the two psychoactive of the cannabinoids (the other is Delta-8-THC):

analgesic, anti-Alzheimers, antiemetic, antiinflammatory, antioxidant, antipruritic, antispasmodic, appetite stimulant, beneficial for duodenal ulcers, bronchodilatory, euphoriant, muscle relaxant, pain reliever.

THCA (Δ9-THCA = Δ9-THCA A = Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol acid) the precursor to THC; a large fraction (at most about 70%) of the THCA converts to THC upon strong heating (> 200°F) or exposure to UV light:

analgesic, antiinflammatory, antiproliferative (anticancer), antispasmodic, appetite stimulant, neuroprotector.

THCA-C4 (tetrahydrocannabinol-C4):

effects thought to be similar to THCA.

THCVTHV (THCV, tetrahydrocannabivarin), boiling point = <220°C (<428°F), formed when THVA is heated or exposed to UV
light; increases the onset and intensity of THC effects, but also causes the high to end sooner; found primarily in strains of African and Asian cannabis:

analgesic, anorectic, anticonvulsant, antiepileptic, beneficial in treating metabolic syndrome, bone-stimulant, euphoriant.

THVA (THCVA = tetrahydrocannabivarin acid):

effects thought to be similar to THCA.




aldose-reductase-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=0.39-15.1 uM), analgesic, antibacterial, antifeedant, antihepatotoxic, antihypertensive, antiinflammatory, antileukemic (dosage: ED50=2.6 ug/ml), antioxidant (dosage: ED50=1 uM), antiseptic, antistaph, antitumor, cytotoxic (dosage: ED50=2.6 ug/ml), fungicide (dosage: MIC=0.4 mg/ml), hypertensive, immunosuppressant, lipoxygenase-Inhibitor, PKC-inhibitor, pesticide, phytoalexin.


ACE-inhibitor (dosage: IC50=0.2 mM/l), antiangiogenic, anticancer, anticancer (prostate), anticarcinomic, antiinflammatory (dosage: ED50=148 (ipr mus)), antiproliferant, apoptotic, cyclin-B1-inhibitor, cyclin-D1-inhibitor, oviposition-stimulant, radioprotective.


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